Inequality Debate Based on Bad Data

Posted on December 19, 2011

America is stumbling toward one of the most important decisions it has made in decades: how to bring our financial accounts back to a sustainable balance.  Due to a lack of perspective on tax policy over time, the political decision makers and the media have accepted misleading data with regard to an assumed increase in inequality of income as the primary framework for the debate.

With tax receipts at historic lows and expenditures heading for the stratosphere, no rational observer doubts that this decision will entail a combination of both spending cuts and tax hikes.  Republican rhetoric aside, the real question on the tax side of the debate is how these tax increases will be structured.  I am increasingly concerned that Congress will make a huge mistake that will penalize the mid-sized businesses, i.e. growing companies with 50 to 500 employees, that serve as the backbone of American productivity and that are the only hope for domestic jobs growth.

Let’s start with a bit of history from my personal experience, first as a business and tax lawyer and for twenty-eight years as an investment banker serving entrepreneurial businesses in M&A and arranging business financings.  When I started in practice, essentially all substantial businesses with which we worked were structured as C Corporations.  A typical client might be a manufacturer with 100 plus employees, revenue of $10 million plus and pre-tax profits of $1-2 million.  The owner often took a surprisingly small salary, say $100-125,000, paid a small amount of personal expenses from the business and retained the rest of the company’s profits in the corporation.

As a result of changes in federal tax law and the parallel development of Limited Liability Corporations (LLCs), a major shift from C-Corporations to pass-through entities began in the middle 1980s.  To demonstrate how dramatic this shift has been, … read the rest

Categories: Banks, Economics, Inequality, Innovation, Taxes

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